Rocio Moustafa

Rocio Moustafa Discusses Bipolar Disorder and Appropriate Treatment

Los Angeles-based behavioral expert Rocio Moustafa explores bipolar disorder, therapy methods, and effective medications for treatment.

 

rocio moustafa
rocio moustafa

A disorder considered ‘common’ by nonprofit academic medical center Mayo Clinic, with more than 3 million new cases diagnosed in the United States each year, bipolar disorder is a condition associated with mood swing episodes ranging from manic highs to depressive lows, according to behavioral expert Rocio Moustafa.

 

“While treatment can help those diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the condition cannot strictly be cured,” explains Moustafa, a behavioral expert specializing in mood, cognition, and perception from Los Angeles, California.

 

A chronic condition which may last for many years, or be lifelong, bipolar disorder requires a formal medical diagnosis. Also known as manic depressive disorder, ‘manic’ symptoms include high energy and a reduced need for sleep, coupled with a frequent loss of touch with reality. Depressive episodes, on the other hand, may include symptoms such as low motivation, low energy, and a complete loss of interest in day-to-day tasks and activities, according to Moustafa.

 

Treatment, says the expert, typically consists of a combination of medication and therapy, including psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy, support groups, psychoeducation, and family therapy may also be utilized, she adds, to help those suffering from bipolar disorder.

 

“Medications most commonly used in the treatment of bipolar or manic depressive disorder include so-called ‘selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs, designed to ease symptoms of depressed mood or anxiety,” explains Moustafa. “Antipsychotic drugs are also common in treating bipolar disorder,” she continues, “as are anticonvulsants, prescribed to prevent or control seizures and relieve pain which may be associated with the condition.”

 

Related—loosely or otherwise—to further conditions including psychosis, schizophrenia, clinical depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and borderline personality disorder, supportive care for bipolar disorder may involve hospitalization, whereby a patient can be more closely monitored and given medications which would not be available at home.

 

“In suspected cases of bipolar disorder,” Moustafa adds, wrapping up, “a formal diagnosis should be sought from either a clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, or—where a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist may be inaccessible or otherwise unavailable—a primary care physician or family doctor.”

 

In addition to her in-depth knowledge of bipolar disorder, Los Angeles-based Californian behavioral expert Rocio Moustafa’s other areas of expertise include extreme or debilitating fears and phobias, sleep conditions, and passive-dependent personality disorder, among numerous additional health and wellness complaints related to cognition, perception, and mood.

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